Vitamin DIn recent years, and especially the months around vitamin D has accumulated a lot of controversy. I decided to explore the topic and prepare a collection of information about vitamin D, based on the results of the latest research (in the bibliography is a variety of items from the 2015 and 2016). Not is based on a case study or research on the cell lines.

In the colloquial meaning of vitamin D vitamin D1, D2 and D3, you can also refer to kalcyferol for a group of vitamins (D). The use of this term is not a mistake, but it is not particularly precise. The different types have a slightly different role in what is said to be of low biological activity of vitamin D1. In turn, vitamin D2 in the liver is processed to 25-hydroxyvitamin D, which is what the blood level is when you want to check whether we have a vitamin D deficiency 🙂. Both vitamin D2 and D3 will be processed to this compound by means of an in the liver, and then in the kidneys.

Synthesis of vitamin D

Vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol), is synthesized in plants, photo-(under the influence of UVB rays) and vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol), which is synthesized in the skin of animals and humans (also under the influence of sunlight and UVB). The first transformation of vitamin D2 and D3 are followed in the liver under the influence of the enzyme 25-hydroxylase (cytochrome P450 microsomal triglyceride transfer 2R1 and mitochondrial cytochrome P450 27A1). Formed 25 (OH) D = kalcydiol (calicidiol). The second change (second hyrdoksylacja) occurs in the kidney under the influence of the 1?-hydroxylase (cytochrome P450 27B1). Our 25 (OH) D is converted to a 1.25-dihydroksywitaminy D2 or D3 (Calcitriol). The pace of change depends on the concentration of the parathyroid hormone. Importantly, both forms of 1.25-dihydrokowitaminy D (both D2 and D3) are biologically active and have the same features and performance.

Since both vitamin D2 and D3 will be zmetabolizowane to the compounds of the same activities and functions where the popularity of vitamin D3? I asked this question and I searched for satisfactory answers. It has been shown that supplementation with vitamin D3 is much more effective than vitamin D2.

  • Sources of vitamin D
  • Vitamin D1-mainly tran
  • vitamin D2-plants and their preparations
  • Vitamin D3 – products zoonotic (best: tran, egg yolk, greasy fish-eel, salmon, sardines, liver)
  • Vitamin D is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract in just 50%.

This is the best “source” vitamin D – UVB radiation triggers process synthesis of vitamin D3 in the skin. Has already 20-30 minutes spent in the Sun without filters (filters slows down the synthesis of vitamin D3 in the skin by up to 90%) of off-the-shoulder, legs and face enough to cover demand for vitamin D in 90%.

We have of which synthesize vitamin D under the influence of the Sun, we need to take care of the appropriate level of cholesterol in the body. This does not mean that you have to lie in the Sun by sliding the naan at the same time, because cholesterol is also synthesized in the body! However, if someone is suffering from a shortage of vitamin D, cholesterol is below normal-it is worth to take this into account.

The role of vitamin D

There are more and more indications that vitamin D not only works against cancer, but it can be a therapy for people already sick

increases the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the digestive tract; Let’s look at the calcium: Calcitriol (the active form of vitamin D) is calcium transporter-moves it by the wall of the intestine into the blood. If we have enough (vitamin D), the absorption of calcium from the intestines into the blood will prevent properly. In the case of a vitamin D deficiency calcium absorption is slowed, and even deterred by! Even large amounts of calcium in the diet will not guarantee its positive effects without the proper amount of vitamin D in the bloodstream

The risk of vitamin D deficiency

the severity of the resorption of bone tissue, reducing the creation of new bone, reducing the production of bone matrix, reduction of mineralization and the reduction of mechanical resistance of bone tissue

Vitamin d niedoborW our geographical area can be produced in this way only from April to September. The rest of the year, its synthesis in the skin virtually there.

This could just be the Sun. Exposure consistent with the above recommendations would ensure a sufficient vitamin D synthesis in the skin, with food provided the correct level of 25 (OH) D levels.

The problem in our country is not only the lack of Sun, but lack of sufficient amounts of vitamin D are supplied with food. That is why so important is supplementation with vitamin D from September to April is not only important but necessary.

A study on the levels of vitamin D

How to check your vitamin D level? You should go to the lab, to give a blood sample and ask for mark sężenie 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH) D) levels. This is the best indicator of the body’s supply of vitamin d. but why? Since it is almost certain that you will have a shortage of (especially in autumn-winter).

Guidelines for vitamin D supplementation in the general population (source)

These are the recommendations of the preventive! Vitamin D should be suplementowana according to the guidelines in people alert on vitamin D deficiency (in the case of the Polish population especially from September to April).

Children and teens (1- 18 years):

a) dose 600? 1000 IU/day (15.0? 25.0? g/day) dependent on body weight during the period from September to April, or throughout the year, if the skin synthesis is insufficient

b) kids and teen obesity (> 90 week 48, for age and gender according to local data for your country) are a group of risk of vitamin D deficiency; It is recommended that supplemental 1200? 2000 IU/day (30? 50? g/day) depending on the degree of obesity in the period from September to April, or throughout the year, if the skin synthesis is insufficient.

Adults (> 18 ) and elderly)

a) dose 800? 2000 IU/day (20.0? 50.0? g/day) depending on the body weight during the period from September to April, or throughout the year, if the skin synthesis is insufficient

b) dose 800? 2000 IU/day (20.0? 50.0? g/day) in the elderly throughout the year, due to the lower efficiency of the production of vitamin D in the skin

c) obese (BMI? 30 kg/m2) should take all year dose 1600? 4000 IU/day (40? 100? g/day) depending on the degree of obesity.

It should be noted that the amount of vitamin D3 in multivitamin preparations is woefully inadequate.

PLEASE NOTE! Given doses of vitamin D are not referred to as FEATURED, and as the most likely non-toxic. No reliable source is not talking about the need for supplementation at such high doses. Remember the synthesis of skin and nutritional vitamin D sources-all + valid to provide supplementation level of wit. (D) in the body, and not limited to supplementation.

Vitamin D in applied equine doses has many allies in the Internet. During the research, I noticed that in many places repeated was “serious research udowadaniających that only above 50 00 IU per day can be talk about a toxic action. I scanned. The serious research [5] is a case of a 70-year olds, which rather than prescribed by your doctor 1 000 IU, decided by three months to feed a dose 50-times higher. Not dead, but toxic effect was noticeable-confusion, slurred speech, unsteady, increased fatigue, and finally acute kidney damage.

If I add all the money spent on the fight against acne, breakouts and other imperfections of the complexion, wyszłyby of such millions of coins, which even frost dreamed not. I tried a dozen methods (including many at the same time). On the way popełniałam all possible mistakes, only aggravating the condition of the skin. Suszyłam it on the chips, zapychałam the pores, and want to clean them with strong scrubs, distributing problems on the whole face.

I left a lot of money in dermatologists and cosmetologists, I went through a series of acid treatments, manual cleansing and wandering various weird devices on my face. And nothing. I made the impression that the Polish government would reduce taxes more quickly than I would do with a pupcięing baby.

Acne and Diet

Acne and diet – does food matter?

When I asked specialists or acne can reduce the diet, I heard that it was myths and you could try but the craze would not have expected, because, Lady, Mrs. Monika, has acne hormone (which because of PCOS since 13 years not seemed to be a diagnosis of the Miss), and this There are so simple things that will leave you a chocolate lady and it’ll be all right.

Half a year ago, I decided to use a diet without lactose. I had clear indications, and even after the first few days, it turned out that the non-dairy diet was saving for my digestive system. I got rid most of the ailments that had previously occurred so often that they did not seem like a particularly disturbing problem. At first, it seemed to me that this coincidence – better skin periods had already existed, and the relaxation of the symptoms was already noticed after the usual healing of diet. However, with every week after the elimination of milk from the diet, the condition of the skin has improved. I was very curious if diet without lactose would help fight off acne. It turned out that it did not help. She just wiped outed from the surface of the skin.

Photos, which obrazuję the poor state of my skin wykonałam after the weekend during which I ate 3 times the dishes containing small quantities of milk products (eating poprzedziłam an enzyme that helps digestion of lactose). This skin reaction is repeated every time a food containing milk is fall into my diet. Let us consider why (and if actually) the milk negatively affects the condition of the skin.

Milk and acne – does milk affect acne? Let’s look at the numbers and quick facts

77 No/56 Yes – when I asked my group’s members on Facebook to see if they notice the impact of the dairy on the deterioration of the skin, 77 people responded no, and 56 confirmed the association of drinking milk and its products to worsening skin condition

Increased consumption of dairy products (equal to or greater than two glasses of milk and its products) during puberty, exacerbates acne symptoms (in this study there was no evidence of different effects of semi and whole on the skin);

    Milk may cause (or more often: worsen) acne due to:

  • The IGF-1 factor contained therein – an aggravating seborrhea that promotes the development of skin lesions
  •  A high glycemic index, which induces the ejection of insulin, which in turn stimulates the ejection of androgens (including testosterone), which are conducive to the development of skin problems – are painfully convinced about this m.in. Girls with on PCOS
  • Increasing the level of DHT (Dihydrotestosterone – The active form of testosterone) favors not only the high GI, but also contained in milk precursors of testosterone (the starting substances from which later the compound is formed)
  • If you do not want to eat milk and its products, choose safer for the skin (and much more favourable to the gastrointestinal tract) unpasteurized products (fermented, the so-called Fresh dairy); The bacteria contained in such products use part of the IGF-1 (a factor that is suspected as the main culprit of the severity of acne after consuming milk), so that the final product (e.g. fresh milk, niepasteryzowany kefir or buttermilk) is less and does not cause strong skin reactions
  • Whole milk can be safer than a reduced fat milk – this is probably because, in the milk degreasing process, parts of estrogen and progesterone are also deprived, which positively affect the condition of the skin and May work to alleviate acne symptoms

Does chocolate cause acne?

The resignation of chocolate is often proposed by dermatologists as a support for acne treatment, so it is not surprising that as much as 66% of 316 Greek teenagers [5] claimed that eating chocolate affects the skin’s condition negatively

  1. However, other studies show the relationship of chocolate eating with increased sebum secretion and worsening of the skin condition in about 1/3 subjects
  2. Importantly, most hypotheses talk about the potential harmfulness of chocolate due to the milk and preservatives it contains, and not the direct relationship between chocolate and breakout formation, which means more or less that people in whom chocolate Causes an worsening of acne, the same reaction would consumption of milk contained in chocolate
  3. It’s hard to judge the effect of chocolate on acne due to the diverse composition of individual chocolate

Lactose and Acne

The above facts show that it is not lactose causing acne. They can cause it (subtle) changes in the secretion of hormones (m.in. Insulin and to a lesser extent DHT). caused by the consumption of milk. In people diagnosed with lactose intolerance, after eliminating its source (i.e. milk and milk products) the condition of the skin is improved by reducing the consumption of milk, not the lactose itself. The effect of skin improvement is unlikely to occur when consuming lactose-inhydrated milk and dairy (because it is not lactose which causes potential problems).

Does milk cause acne?

Despite the above information does not postawiłabym the judgment: milk causes acne. The above facts and results of the research are just the rationales and hypotheses, but to this day we do not know the irrefutable explanation that postawiłoby the dot above and in the discussion about the relationship of milk consumption and the incidence of acne.

However, if you face with skin problems for a long time, consider eliminating milk and its products for 8 weeks. Remember that besides the obvious products (milk, yogurts, kefirs, cheeses, etc.) The milk is also found in breads (toasted and most deeply frozen chlebopodobnych products), and in huge quantities in sweets.

Be sure not to change your skin care products during the milk elimination period, do not use new treatments, facials, supplements. Do not change anything, besides removing from the diet milk and its products. Only then will you be able to objectively assess the effect (not) of consuming milk on the condition of the skin.

If you have tried checking on yourself the effect of milk on acne, share your observations in the comment. Has anything changed in your case? Or you may have noticed an increase in acne symptoms after consuming milk products?

wine on your dietRed wine eaten during a meal gives greater benefits to the circulatory system than beer or heavier alcohol. International Studies show a lower incidence of cardiovascular disease in countries where wine consumption is popular than those in which beer and more powerful spirits are being ruled.

Red wine contains more different ingredients than other alcohols; These ingredients can positively affect the clotting of m.in blood. By reducing the degree of oxidation of LDL-cholesterol – one of the key stages of atherosclerotic plaque formation

Many sources praise the wine for it that contains resveratrol. Rightly, because it’s a golden ingredient! Everything looks nice in theory as it is in practice? Depending on the species, the wine contains only 1,47-4,39 mg resveratrol/litre. If you are not going to drink 505 liters of red wine (challenge accepted!), do not burn yourself to an effective dose of resveratrol (1g). However, it is nice to test the conclusions of the scientists on the;).

Unfortunately, the beneficial effect of healthy substances contained in wine is minimizeded by the presence of ethyl alcohol – which is that we deliver antioxidants, since the presence of alcohol in the diet intensifies the production of free radicals and increased stress?

All reports about the impact of the tendency of wine assume eating it in moderation (according to most scholars a moderate amount is 150-200 ml per day), and studies on diet śródziemnmorskiej stress that the more significant the impact on health are other features of the Mediterranean diet (high consumption of fish, olive oil and other sources of unsaturated fatty acids with positive effects on the cardiovascular system)

How does it end up being of low-income areas action? A little as if they eat potato chips with the addition of chilli, deluding himself that in this way we will improve myself;) metabolism.

Consumption of wine for better health, it is quite naïve. Despite all the red wine is pure alcohol, and no doubt is one of the least unhealthy. Impact of healthy wine consumption has been shown in the case of people drinking moderate amounts of (150-200 ml) red wine about 5 times a week.

How many calories has a wine?

Red wine calories-about 300 kcal/half bottle

Calorific value of red wine depends on the composition of that type. Syrah has 293 kcal/half bottle, and Red Zinfandel 310 kcal/half bottle. It can be assumed that a half bottle of red wine has 300 calories.

White wine calories-about 290 kcal/half bottle

White wine has a slightly less calories than red. For example, a half bottle of Pinot has 289 calories, and Riesling 284 kcal.

How many calories does a bottle of wine have? – About 600 calories (kilocalories)

As you can see, the calorific value of wine is not dramatic – you can plan your meals during the day to avoid excess calories. The biggest downside to drinking wine when you want to lose weight is the fact that wine increases your appetite. In addition, even small doses of alcohol reduce self-control, so it’s easier to eat something that is avoided every day. And here lies the crux of the problem: wine will be very fattening if eat much to wine;). It’s a good idea to plan healthy, low calorie snacks and take care not to go to a party with an empty stomach. Thus zapobiegniesz the generation of a positive energy balance.

The calorific value of wine depends on the composition of the ingredients that create them. The standard wine bottle has a capacity of 0.75 litres. To facilitate the calculation, it can be assumed that a bottle of wine provides 600 calories (technically kilocalories – kcal). You can hit a bottle that will have 550 calories and on the one with 650 also.

Who cares?!

If you already drink wine, enjoy it! Enjoy the taste, aroma and atmosphere of the surrounding. Do not lose your weight by the passion, do not give up all the pleasures you have practiced before the diet. There is really no diet or diet – either you change your lifestyle or nothing changes. I prefer this first option with little shortcomings than continuing with past habits of fear that a healthy lifestyle is too difficult.

It is not, if you do not make it difficult and you do not give yourself believe that your diet must be perfect to be effective and good for you.

Parasites Parasites of the digestive tract are still not uncommon. Parasite infection of the digestive tract is associated most often with inadequate hygiene-especially too rare washing hands and insufficient washing fruits and vegetables. Parasites are attacking us because of culinary fashion to eat raw meat and fish.

Parasites of the digestive tract to healthy subjects do not do more harm. However, for people with weakened immunity parasites can be dangerous, because it’s easier to master the body and cause complications. In our digestive tract settle into worms-parasites or worms, flat and aschelminth or roundworms. About the infection can often provide allergic rashes, the cause of which cannot be determined, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, anemia, and irritability and hyperactivity nervous.

Gastrointestinal parasites – tapeworms

There are several types of tapeworms. Armed with a 4 m long, can accommodate after eating infected pork, an unarmed adolescent up to 10 m is in beef, as long diphyllobothrium may be caviar and fish. Way to avoid these parasites is to avoid eating undercooked (bloody steaks) and raw (steak tartare). Unless we make sure that the meat comes from absolutely reliable, tested source. And what about the trendy sushi? The safest fish meat is subjected to deep frozen (or at least-20th.) At that temperature the parasites of fish are killed.

Then you will learn the tasiemcami infection?

Tasiemcami infection symptoms are: headache, fatigue, insomnia, nervous excitability, general weakness, loss of appetite or ravenous appetite, weight loss, skin rashes, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and anemia. Infection wide leads to vitamin B12 deficiency and anemia caused by the lack of. To establish infection tapeworm infection primarily test feces for the presence of larvae and tapeworm. You need to download a few samples at different times. Tapeworms treated anti-worm.

Gastrointestinal parasites – roundworms

Ascaris lumbricoides. Infection occurs by eating foods contaminated with roundworm larvae heart. Eggs get to the intestine, then burst to the blood system and migrate to the bronchial tubes, and then back into the intestine. Human glistą infection symptoms: bronchitis, bronchopneumonia when the larvae wander, while the presence of roundworms in the gut causes nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain and weakness, loss of appetite, headaches, irritability and sleeplessness. In some people there also itching, rashes, hives, and even attacks of breathlessness. To detect the human stool test is needed also roundworms. Heals it anti-worm.

Pinworms. Infection also occurs by contact with contaminated food but also objects of daily use (that’s why you need to wash your hands often, and certainly before food preparation and before meals). Symptoms of threadworms: red skin and itching around the anus hampering sleep, nervous excitability, headache, weakness, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal pain and anemia. Pinworms can get to the vulva and vagina, thus becoming the cause of inflammation of reproductive organ. In the diagnosis is used. the test strip. Gets the. Smear, that may have eggs.

The infection is also associated with the lack of compliance with the rules of hygiene. In one-Fourth of the people not any signs of intrusion. Some people may experience diarrhoea, sometimes muco-bloody, abdominal pain, weight loss and anemia and itching, rashes and hives on the skin as well as lack of appetite, irritability, insomnia, headaches and weakness.

Intestinal pinewood. The larva penetrates through the skin. It initially causes redness and swelling at the site of the intrusion. The larva then wander into the respiratory system and throat and then into the intestine. The presence of larvae in the lungs is accompanied by inflammation of the trachea, bronchi and lungs. When in the intestines appear: insomnia, irritability, lack of appetite, abdominal pain, diarrhea, anemia, weight loss. The larvae can also be nested in the gallbladder, heart, kidneys, or brain is diagnosed by examining the presence of larvae in faeces, saliva, urine or duodenal content. In the stool may be present eggs of the wood.

Parasites of the gastrointestinal tract – protozoa

The most common infection is giardiasis caused by the intrusion of Lamblii intestinalis or intestinal. Infection occurs through eating contaminated food lamblią and sexual contact. In the part of the sick giardiasis passes without symptoms and the parasite is eradicated by the immune system. In others, there may be diarrhea and impairment of the absorption of fats, vitamin B12 and A, folic acid and lactose, because damages the mucous membranes of the intestine. It may also occur inflammation of the bile ducts or irritation of the pancreas and jaundice. The disease is diagnosed by examining feces for the presence of parasite cysts and blood for antibodies. Treatment involves the administration of antiparasitic drugs.

All about Niger

Geography

Total area: 1,267,000 km2

Population: 15,290,000 (2009 est.)

Language

Literacy: 17%

Official languages: French, Hausa, Kanuri, Zarma, Tamasheq

Economy

GDP (PPP) per capita: $2,162 (2009 est.)

Politics

Government: Military junta

President of the Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy: Salou Djibo

Prime Minister: Mahamadou Danda

Religion

Religions: 93% Muslim, 4% Christian, 3% other religions

Open Doors persecution index: N/A

Prayer points

The outcome of Niger’s recent elections has boosted hopes for a stable democracy. Despite fears of a flawed election process, Niger’s vote proved both credible and peaceful. However, the new government will face huge justice and poverty challenges. In 2010, the UN’s Human Development Index (using criteria of life expectancy, education and health) ranked Niger as 169th out of 171 countries. Less than half the population has access to safe water and communities often lack food for part of the year. Children are prone to diarrhoea, malnutrition and stunted growth. Pray that Niger’s new leaders will have the heart to rule with justice and determinedly tackle poverty. (Tearfund – April 2011)

Children and young adults forced to beg, sold into domestic service, used as labourers in mines and agriculture, and sexually exploited – this is the grim reality of trafficking in Niger and other countries in Africa. Students and graduates are not immune from these dangers and, sadly, young people who go against their parents’ beliefs and convert to Christianity are particularly at risk. Christian students in Niger long to respond to the injustices of society and to be part of helping others to see God’s kingdom come on earth. Please pray for them as they work to encourage church members to join with NGOs who are fighting people trafficking, inspire graduates to sustain this ministry, and equip students to help rescued children re-integrate into society. (IFES – March 2011)

Drought has turned to deluge in parts of Niger – and brought a load more trouble to many people weakened by hunger. For months, nearly half the country’s population has been left unable to feed themselves due to a lack of rain killing crops last year and vast amounts of livestock this year. Now a rain storm hitting the Azawak region has resulted in flash floods, killing many of the remaining animals. Drought and famine have also impacted neighbouring Chad, Mali, Burkina Faso and northern Nigeria. Pray for those in Niger reeling after the floods, that they receive help to get back on their feet. Give thanks for the much-needed rain but pray for regular weather patterns which are required for a good harvest and good pasture for the animals. (Tearfund – August 2010)

The Maures are a large people group spread across the semi-desert countries of North West Africa. They speak Hassaniya, a dialect of Arabic. There are marked social divisions within this people group, particularly between the Arab-Berber ‘white’ Maure, and the ‘black’ Maure, many of whom are descended from former slaves. In this totally Muslim society there has been little response to the gospel. Please pray for isolated believers to be encouraged as well as for radio, films and television programmes to be used as tools to lead people to ask more about the gospel. Finally, pray for opportunities for Christian workers to take the gospel message to villages and towns in the interior. (WEC International – September 2010)

In West Africa, millions are desperate for food. Bad harvests over a number of years mean that staple foods like grain have shot up in price by as much as 43 percent. At the same time, the value of cattle has plummeted. Families would normally trade their cattle for food but now they’re not worth enough. This means they have no money, and many people are eating just one meal a day. In Niger alone, a massive seven million people, half of the country’s population, need urgent help. (Tearfund – July 2010)

batheEspecially in autumn it is experienced by almost everyone: in the court dark and cold, and under a blanket warm and drowsy. In fact, you could just jump to bed and lie down to sleep. And then this stubborn thought appears: Do I need to wash today? The issue took a look at David Leffell, a head of dermatology at the Yale School of Medicine (USA).

about how often you need to take a shower, do not decide the rigid norm imposed by doctors, but rather targeting the social konwenansem intuition. In America and Europe the norm is one bath or a shower per day. As the Business insider gives, citing the data of Euromonitor International, the number of showers per month is increasing in the case of countries with a warm climate (an average of 11 baths a week in Brazil) and people who practise sports. Meanwhile, as Leffell convinces, so frequent baths are not a good idea.

How often do you take a shower?

One of the few guidelines for the number of weeks of bathing is recommendations for children. The American Dermatologic Society recommends one, two baths a week for children between 6. and 11. Years of age, unless the consolation came home very dirty and sweaty. It seems that this is not enough, but scientists argue that a small amount of dirt on the skin of a child will allow it to strengthen immunity.

Fortunately, the final judgement of doctors leaves parents who self-assess how their offspring need quick contact with water and soap.

What about adults?

Some dermatologists stand in the position that the shower twice a week is completely sufficient. Horror? Fortunately, doctors just add that the number of baths should depend on our sense of aesthetics and comfort. However, dermatologists (including the above-mentioned Leffell) hardly stand that kąpiemy a bit too often, which can negatively reflect on the condition of the skin.

How does the bath affect the skin?

The soap is made up of most of the fat and an alkaline substance which dissolves in water (e.g. salt or purified soda). These two components wipe off the skin with a layer of fat and oil that has accumulated since the last bath, dissolve it in water and drain dirt into the pipes with it. Likewise, the shampoo works, which flushes secreted by sebum sebaceous glands.

Therefore, according to Leffella, hair washing should also not be more frequent than every two to three days.

Rub in the fact that a long, hot shower with a decent scrubbing can be harmful to the skin. During its course not only do we deprive the skin of the protective layer, but also firmly wysuszamy it, which makes it susceptible to damage. What is more, a really hot bath and drying of the skin with a towel only enhances this undesirable effect.

As Leffell convinces, if we want to wash ourselves every day, we need to remember a few principles:

  1. Do not overdo it with hot water
  2. Do not kąp for more than 30 minutes (3 minutes fully enough)
  3. Use the lotion, especially just after leaving the shower, when the skin is still slightly moist.

Of course, the rules can safely approach Zdroworozsądkowo. After all, dry and slightly irritated skin (excluding cases of atopy) is not something specifically difficult to identify or cure. On the other hand, if someone does not feel like an evening shower… learning (within reasonable limits) is on its side!